Pocket Stainless Steel

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What Is Stainless Steel and Why Is it Stainless?

Why is Stainless Steel Stainless? What It Is and How It Works! What Is Stainless Steel and Why Is it Stainless? In 1913, English metallurgist Harry Brearly, working on a project to improve rifle barrels, accidentally discovered that adding chromium to low carbon steel gives it stain resistance. In addition to iron, carbon, and chromium, modern stainless steel may also contain other elements, such as nickel, niobium, molybdenum, and titanium. Nickel, molybdenum, niobium, and chromium enhance the corrosion resistance of stainless steel. It is the addition of a minimum of 12% chromium to the steel that makes it resist rust, or stain 'less' than other types of steel. The chromium in the steel combines with oxygen in the atmosphere to form a thin, invisible layer of chrome-containing oxide, called the passive film. The sizes of chromium atoms and their oxides are similar, so they pack neatly together on the surface of the metal, forming a stable layer only a few atoms thick. If the metal is cut or scratched and the passive film is disrupted, more oxide will quickly form and recover the exposed surface, protecting it from oxidative corrosion. (Iron, on the other hand, rusts quickly because atomic iron is much smaller than its oxide, so the oxide forms a loose rather than tightly-packed layer and flakes away.) The passive film requires oxygen to self-repair, so stainless steels have poor corrosion resistance in low-oxygen and poor circulation environments. In seawater, chlorides from the salt will attack and destroy the passive film more quickly than it can be repaired in a low oxygen environment. Types of Stainless Steel The three main types of stainless steels are austenitic, ferritic, and martensitic. These three types of steels are identified by their microstructure or predominant crystal phase. Austenitic: Austenitic steels have austenite as their primary phase (face centered cubic crystal). These are alloys containing chromium and nickel (sometimes manganese and nitrogen), structured around the Type 302 composition of iron, 18% chromium, and 8% nickel. Austenitic steels are not hardenable by heat treatment. The most familiar stainless steel is probably Type 304, sometimes called T304 or simply 304. Type 304 surgical stainless steel is an austenitic steel containing 18-20% chromium and 8-10% nickel. Ferritic: Ferritic steels have ferrite (body centered cubic crystal) as their main phase. These steels contain iron and chromium, based on the Type 430 composition of 17% chromium. Ferritic steel is less ductile than austenitic steel and is not hardenable by heat treatment. Martensitic: The characteristic orthorhombic martensite microstructure was first observed by German microscopist Adolf Martens around 1890. Martensitic steels are low carbon steels built around the Type 410 composition of iron, 12% chromium, and 0.12% carbon. They may be tempered and hardened. Martensite gives steel great hardness, but it also reduces its toughness and makes it brittle, so few steels are fully hardened. There are also other grades of stainless steels, such as precipitation-hardened, duplex, and cast stainless steels. Stainless steel can be produced in a variety of finishes and textures and can be tinted over a broad spectrum of colors. For information stainless steel fasteners please contact Marsh Fasteners .  

Find Pocket Stainless Steel On eBay Below:

Howling Wolves Pocket Knives Stainless Steel 7 Inches Long GREAT CONDITION
Howling Wolves Pocket Knives Stainless Steel 7 Inches Long GREAT CONDITION
$27.56
New Hunter Toothpick Pocket Knife Folding Blade Red Wood Handle Stainless Steel
New Hunter Toothpick Pocket Knife Folding Blade Red Wood Handle Stainless Steel
$5.99
Damascus 440C Steel Pocket Folding Knife Handmade Brass Abalone Shell Handle
Damascus 440C Steel Pocket Folding Knife Handmade Brass Abalone Shell Handle
$18.95
Friction Folder Stainless Steel Custom Handmade Knife Blade Personalizedpocket
Friction Folder Stainless Steel Custom Handmade Knife Blade Personalizedpocket
$169.99
Custom Handmade Knife Friction Folder Stainless Steel Blade Personalizedpocket
Custom Handmade Knife Friction Folder Stainless Steel Blade Personalizedpocket
$169.99
Small Stainless Steel Key Shaped Folding Pocket Knifes 6 Pack 6 perfect gifts
Small Stainless Steel Key Shaped Folding Pocket Knifes 6 Pack 6 perfect gifts
$14.99
Black aluminum 65 inch pocket knife black stainless steel blade pouch KFD701
Black aluminum 65 inch pocket knife black stainless steel blade pouch KFD701
$5.79
VINTAGE BARLOW FOLDING POCKET KNIFE BROWN HANDLE 2 STAINLESS STEEL BLADES
VINTAGE BARLOW FOLDING POCKET KNIFE BROWN HANDLE 2 STAINLESS STEEL BLADES
$19.99
Vintage American Eagle Pocket Knife Stainless Steel Made In Japan
Vintage American Eagle Pocket Knife Stainless Steel Made In Japan
$9.99
Folding Pocket Knife Pakistan Stainless Steel
Folding Pocket Knife Pakistan Stainless Steel
$6.99
Folding Knife 34 8Cr13Mov Stainless Steel 8Cr13Mov Pocket Knives
Folding Knife 34 8Cr13Mov Stainless Steel 8Cr13Mov Pocket Knives
$7.99
Case XX Congress Pocket Knife Stainless Steel Blade Patriotic Kirinite Handle
Case XX Congress Pocket Knife Stainless Steel Blade Patriotic Kirinite Handle
$62.39
Air Force Tactical Knife Lockback Folding Knife 45 Stainless Steel Pocket knif
Air Force Tactical Knife Lockback Folding Knife 45 Stainless Steel Pocket knif
$0.99
NATIONAL FIRE FIGHTERS Collectible Pocket Knife Stainless Steel 3 Blade Nice
NATIONAL FIRE FIGHTERS Collectible Pocket Knife Stainless Steel 3 Blade Nice
$2.95
Case XX Trapper Pocket Knife Stainless Steel Blade Jungle Green Kirinite Handle
Case XX Trapper Pocket Knife Stainless Steel Blade Jungle Green Kirinite Handle
$57.98
VINTAGE POCKET KNIFE FOLDING BLADE LOCK SPORTSMANS STAINLESS STEEL CASE BOX WOOD
VINTAGE POCKET KNIFE FOLDING BLADE LOCK SPORTSMANS STAINLESS STEEL CASE BOX WOOD
$17.95
Case XX Canoe Pocket Knife Mirror Finish Stainless Steel Blade Green Bone Handle
Case XX Canoe Pocket Knife Mirror Finish Stainless Steel Blade Green Bone Handle
$60.59
12 Tactical Stainless Steel Credit Card Pocket Knife Camping Survival Blade
12 Tactical Stainless Steel Credit Card Pocket Knife Camping Survival Blade
$12.99
Multi Purpose Stainless Steel Tools Folding Outdoor Survival Camping Pocket Gift
Multi Purpose Stainless Steel Tools Folding Outdoor Survival Camping Pocket Gift
$9.98
Vernco Advertising 2 Blade Pocket Folding Knife Hand Honed HI CV Stainless Steel
Vernco Advertising 2 Blade Pocket Folding Knife Hand Honed HI CV Stainless Steel
$24.99
Zippo USA Advertising Pocket Folding Knife Stainless Steel RB Royal Fond Du Lac
Zippo USA Advertising Pocket Folding Knife Stainless Steel RB Royal Fond Du Lac
$13.99
Rough Rider Stockman Rams Horn 440 Stainless Steel Folding Pocket Knife RR1596
Rough Rider Stockman Rams Horn 440 Stainless Steel Folding Pocket Knife RR1596
$13.64
Sinister Savagery Spring Assist Emergency Stainless Steel Karambit Pocket Knife
Sinister Savagery Spring Assist Emergency Stainless Steel Karambit Pocket Knife
$5.79
Rough Rider Rain Trapper 440 Stainless Steel Folding Pocket Knife RR1598
Rough Rider Rain Trapper 440 Stainless Steel Folding Pocket Knife RR1598
$13.64
Folding Multi Tool Knife Stainless Steel V swiss Pocket Army Survival Camping
Folding Multi Tool Knife Stainless Steel V swiss Pocket Army Survival Camping
$24.37
Spring Assisted Gridlock Tactical Stainless Steel Stone Folding Pocket Knife
Spring Assisted Gridlock Tactical Stainless Steel Stone Folding Pocket Knife
$6.99
BUCKSHOT Classic Stainless Steel Spring Assisted Open Pocket Knife NEW 8202 WD U
BUCKSHOT Classic Stainless Steel Spring Assisted Open Pocket Knife NEW 8202 WD U
$5.62
New Skull Folding Fruit Pocket Mini Stainless Steel Knife Camping Fishing Hiking
New Skull Folding Fruit Pocket Mini Stainless Steel Knife Camping Fishing Hiking
$5.00
Skull Folding Fruit Pocket Mini Stainless Steel Knife Camping Fishing Hiking New
Skull Folding Fruit Pocket Mini Stainless Steel Knife Camping Fishing Hiking New
$5.00
New Skull Folding Fruit Pocket Mini Stainless Steel Knife Fishing Hiking Camping
New Skull Folding Fruit Pocket Mini Stainless Steel Knife Fishing Hiking Camping
$5.00
PRlME DAY DeaI Folding Pocket Knives with Half Serrated Stainless Steel
PRlME DAY DeaI Folding Pocket Knives with Half Serrated Stainless Steel
$16.03
Link Hunting Knives Folding Pocket Knife 1776 325 In 420HC Stainless Steel
Link Hunting Knives Folding Pocket Knife 1776 325 In 420HC Stainless Steel
$43.99
Rough Rider Black Linerlock 440 Stainless Steel Folding Pocket Knife RR1716
Rough Rider Black Linerlock 440 Stainless Steel Folding Pocket Knife RR1716
$7.14
Dark Venom Spring Assist Fantasy Stainless Steel Pocket Stiletto Knife
Dark Venom Spring Assist Fantasy Stainless Steel Pocket Stiletto Knife
$7.00
Opinel No 08 Studio Black Stainless Steel Folding Everyday Carry Locking Pocket
Opinel No 08 Studio Black Stainless Steel Folding Everyday Carry Locking Pocket
$50.96
7 White Burnt Bull Bone Handle Pocket Chilli Knife Stainless Steel
7 White Burnt Bull Bone Handle Pocket Chilli Knife Stainless Steel
$12.99
Folding Knife Stainless Steel Multitool Navajas Couteau Pliant Army Pocket
Folding Knife Stainless Steel Multitool Navajas Couteau Pliant Army Pocket
$12.84
Good Ole Boy Hoof Cleaner Manual Folding Stainless Steel Pocket Knife
Good Ole Boy Hoof Cleaner Manual Folding Stainless Steel Pocket Knife
$9.00
Browning 339 Big Size Tactical Pocket Hunting Stainless Steel Wood Handle Knife
Browning 339 Big Size Tactical Pocket Hunting Stainless Steel Wood Handle Knife
$19.99

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