Stainless Steel Plain

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What Is Stainless Steel and Why Is it Stainless?

Why is Stainless Steel Stainless? What It Is and How It Works! What Is Stainless Steel and Why Is it Stainless? In 1913, English metallurgist Harry Brearly, working on a project to improve rifle barrels, accidentally discovered that adding chromium to low carbon steel gives it stain resistance. In addition to iron, carbon, and chromium, modern stainless steel may also contain other elements, such as nickel, niobium, molybdenum, and titanium. Nickel, molybdenum, niobium, and chromium enhance the corrosion resistance of stainless steel. It is the addition of a minimum of 12% chromium to the steel that makes it resist rust, or stain 'less' than other types of steel. The chromium in the steel combines with oxygen in the atmosphere to form a thin, invisible layer of chrome-containing oxide, called the passive film. The sizes of chromium atoms and their oxides are similar, so they pack neatly together on the surface of the metal, forming a stable layer only a few atoms thick. If the metal is cut or scratched and the passive film is disrupted, more oxide will quickly form and recover the exposed surface, protecting it from oxidative corrosion. (Iron, on the other hand, rusts quickly because atomic iron is much smaller than its oxide, so the oxide forms a loose rather than tightly-packed layer and flakes away.) The passive film requires oxygen to self-repair, so stainless steels have poor corrosion resistance in low-oxygen and poor circulation environments. In seawater, chlorides from the salt will attack and destroy the passive film more quickly than it can be repaired in a low oxygen environment. Types of Stainless Steel The three main types of stainless steels are austenitic, ferritic, and martensitic. These three types of steels are identified by their microstructure or predominant crystal phase. Austenitic: Austenitic steels have austenite as their primary phase (face centered cubic crystal). These are alloys containing chromium and nickel (sometimes manganese and nitrogen), structured around the Type 302 composition of iron, 18% chromium, and 8% nickel. Austenitic steels are not hardenable by heat treatment. The most familiar stainless steel is probably Type 304, sometimes called T304 or simply 304. Type 304 surgical stainless steel is an austenitic steel containing 18-20% chromium and 8-10% nickel. Ferritic: Ferritic steels have ferrite (body centered cubic crystal) as their main phase. These steels contain iron and chromium, based on the Type 430 composition of 17% chromium. Ferritic steel is less ductile than austenitic steel and is not hardenable by heat treatment. Martensitic: The characteristic orthorhombic martensite microstructure was first observed by German microscopist Adolf Martens around 1890. Martensitic steels are low carbon steels built around the Type 410 composition of iron, 12% chromium, and 0.12% carbon. They may be tempered and hardened. Martensite gives steel great hardness, but it also reduces its toughness and makes it brittle, so few steels are fully hardened. There are also other grades of stainless steels, such as precipitation-hardened, duplex, and cast stainless steels. Stainless steel can be produced in a variety of finishes and textures and can be tinted over a broad spectrum of colors. For information stainless steel fasteners please contact Marsh Fasteners .  

Find Stainless Steel Plain On eBay Below:

Kershaw KO Leek Stainless Steel Handle Plain
Kershaw KO Leek Stainless Steel Handle Plain
$99.41
SPYDERCO New Stainless Steel Police Plain Edge VG 10 Blade Knife Knives
SPYDERCO New Stainless Steel Police Plain Edge VG 10 Blade Knife Knives
$125.00
Spyderco Meadowlark 2 Stainless Steel Plain Edge Ergonomic Satin Finish Engrave
Spyderco Meadowlark 2 Stainless Steel Plain Edge Ergonomic Satin Finish Engrave
$36.95
Spyderco Endura 4 Stainless Steel Plain Edge Knife
Spyderco Endura 4 Stainless Steel Plain Edge Knife
$105.76
Spyderco Dragonfly Stainless Steel Plain Edge Knife
Spyderco Dragonfly Stainless Steel Plain Edge Knife
$86.53
RUKO 3 3 8 Blade Folding Knife with Plain Edge Stainless Steel Handle RUK0120
RUKO 3 3 8 Blade Folding Knife with Plain Edge Stainless Steel Handle RUK0120
$29.99
Columbia River 5180 Klecker NIRK 3125 Satin Plain Blade Stainless Steel Hand
Columbia River 5180 Klecker NIRK 3125 Satin Plain Blade Stainless Steel Hand
$29.00
SPYDERCO C29P STAINLESS STEEL PLAIN EDGE CRICKET
SPYDERCO C29P STAINLESS STEEL PLAIN EDGE CRICKET
$124.99
SPYDERCO New Stainless Steel Handle Kopa Plain Edge VG 10 Blade Knife Knives
SPYDERCO New Stainless Steel Handle Kopa Plain Edge VG 10 Blade Knife Knives
$125.00
Spyderco Byrd Crossbill Hawk Blade Knife Stainless Steel Handle Plain Edge BY07P
Spyderco Byrd Crossbill Hawk Blade Knife Stainless Steel Handle Plain Edge BY07P
$27.99
CRKT K240XXP Ken Onion Swindle Knife 32 Plain Blade Stainless Steel Handle
CRKT K240XXP Ken Onion Swindle Knife 32 Plain Blade Stainless Steel Handle
$26.00
Mtech USA ballisti pocket knife MT 845 stainless steel plain edge blade linerlck
Mtech USA ballisti pocket knife MT 845 stainless steel plain edge blade linerlck
$12.95
Northwest trail pocket knife stainless steel plain edge blade camo handle clip
Northwest trail pocket knife stainless steel plain edge blade camo handle clip
$12.95
Guidesman pocket knife stainless steel plain edge blade hollow handle lockback
Guidesman pocket knife stainless steel plain edge blade hollow handle lockback
$12.95
Tac force pocket knife tactical TF 817 stainless steel plain edge blade linerlck
Tac force pocket knife tactical TF 817 stainless steel plain edge blade linerlck
$12.95
Elk ridge pocket knife ER A155 stainless steel plain edge blade custom design
Elk ridge pocket knife ER A155 stainless steel plain edge blade custom design
$12.95
Femme Fatale pocket knife FF A006 PKL SO stainless steel plain edge blade clip
Femme Fatale pocket knife FF A006 PKL SO stainless steel plain edge blade clip
$12.95
Simmons Japan Stainless Steel Plain Edge Lockback Manual Folding Pocket Knife
Simmons Japan Stainless Steel Plain Edge Lockback Manual Folding Pocket Knife
$19.77
Brand New Gerber Torch I Drop Point 27 Plain Edge Stainless Steel Handle
Brand New Gerber Torch I Drop Point 27 Plain Edge Stainless Steel Handle
$22.50
SHEFFIELD 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE
SHEFFIELD 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE
$10.00
Wenger Esquire Original Polished Stainless Steel Swiss Army Knife Plain Logo
Wenger Esquire Original Polished Stainless Steel Swiss Army Knife Plain Logo
$14.99
LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL WOOD HANDLE
LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL WOOD HANDLE
$5.00
Hunting Knife Leek Folding Speedsafe Plain Blade Slim Sports Stainless Steel
Hunting Knife Leek Folding Speedsafe Plain Blade Slim Sports Stainless Steel
$57.96
Byrd Flight BY05P Folding Knife Plain Edge Blade Stainless Steel Dealer
Byrd Flight BY05P Folding Knife Plain Edge Blade Stainless Steel Dealer
$27.45
Kershaw 1660 Serrated Plain Blade Knife ALL Bead Blasted Stainless Steel USA
Kershaw 1660 Serrated Plain Blade Knife ALL Bead Blasted Stainless Steel USA
$29.50
FEMME FATALE POCKET KNIFE ALL GOLDTONE FF A008 STAINLESS STEEL PLAIN EDGE BLADE
FEMME FATALE POCKET KNIFE ALL GOLDTONE FF A008 STAINLESS STEEL PLAIN EDGE BLADE
$14.00
 Benchmade 162 Bushcrafter Plain Edge S30V Stainless Steel Blade Sheath Knife
Benchmade 162 Bushcrafter Plain Edge S30V Stainless Steel Blade Sheath Knife
$195.50
Byrd Meadowlark 2 BY04P2 Knife 2875 Plain Edge Blade Stainless Steel Dealer
Byrd Meadowlark 2 BY04P2 Knife 2875 Plain Edge Blade Stainless Steel Dealer
$25.85
WINCHESTER FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL RUBBER HANDLE
WINCHESTER FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL RUBBER HANDLE
$5.00
BUCK LANCER 303 USA FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
BUCK LANCER 303 USA FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
$30.00
AMERICAN BLADE JAPAN FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
AMERICAN BLADE JAPAN FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
$15.00
BULLET LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
BULLET LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
$5.00
R STAINLESS STEEL GENTLEMANS FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE NAIL FILE
R STAINLESS STEEL GENTLEMANS FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE NAIL FILE
$5.00
QUEEN STEEL 80 USA FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL BONE
QUEEN STEEL 80 USA FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 3 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL BONE
$15.00
LARGE BLUE LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
LARGE BLUE LOCKBACK FOLDING POCKET KNIFE 1 BLADE PLAIN EDGE STAINLESS STEEL
$5.00
Benchmade ALTITUDE DR PT Plain Edge Stainless Steel Black Carbon Grip  15200DLC
Benchmade ALTITUDE DR PT Plain Edge Stainless Steel Black Carbon Grip 15200DLC
$195.00
CRKT Ikoma Fossil Small 341 Plain Blade IKBS Stainless Steel  G10 Scales 5460
CRKT Ikoma Fossil Small 341 Plain Blade IKBS Stainless Steel G10 Scales 5460
$44.95
High quality white handle stainless steel sharp plain blade folding camp knife
High quality white handle stainless steel sharp plain blade folding camp knife
$21.32
Spyderco Dragonfly Knife Stainless Steel Blade C28P Plain Edge
Spyderco Dragonfly Knife Stainless Steel Blade C28P Plain Edge
$71.47

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